Unit 1

  Text Organization P11

  P14 Vocabulary I.1.1) alliance

  3) stroke 5) minus 7)


  4) limp 6) regions 8) siege

  2) at the cost of

  P17 II. More Synonyms in Context

  1) During the First World War, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. Some of the

  most dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy trenches of France and Belgium. 2) Elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts / homework paid off.

  3)1 spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he

  turned a deaf ear to all my words.

  4) Pneumonia had severely weakened her body, and I wondered how her fragile body could withstand the harsh weather.

  P18 III. Usage

  1) But often it is not until we fall ill that we finally learn to appreciate good health. 2) A rich old lady lay dead at home for two weeks—and nobody knew anything about it.

  3) It’s said he dropped dead from a heart attack when he was at work 4)Don’t sit too close to the fire to keep warm—you could easily get burned, especially if you fall asleep.

  5)In those days people believed in marrying young and having children early.

  6)Little Tom was unable to sit still for longer than a few minutes.

  ■ P19 Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (A)

  1. invasion 3. Conquest 5. launching 7. campaign 9. reckon with

  10.bring?to a halt

  2. stand in the way 4. catching… off his guard 6. declaration 8. drag on 10. bringing…to a



  1. allow 3. highly 5. rapidly 7. delivery 9. observing

  2. reckoned 4. forecasts 6. instant 8. advantage 10. Powerful

  P20 II. Translation

  1. Mr. Doherty and his family are currently engaged in getting the autumn harvest in on the farm.

  2. We must not underestimate the enemy. They are equipped with the most sophisticated weapons. 3. Having been cut of a job/Not having had a job for 3months, Phil is getting increasingly desperate.

  4. Sam, as the project manager, is decisive, efficient, and accurate in his judgment.

  5. Since the chemical plant was identified as the source of solution, the village neighborhood committee decided to close it down at the cost of 100 jobs.

  The offensive had already lasted three days, but we had not gained much ground. The division commander instructed our battalion to get around to the rear of the enemy and launch a surprise attack. To do so, however, we had to cross a marshland and many of us were afraid we might get bogged down in the mud. Our battalion commander decided to take a gamble. Luckly enough,thanks to the severe cold weather which made the marsh froze over, we arrived at our destination before dawn and began attacking the enemy from the rear. This turned the tide of the battle. The enemy, caught off guard, soon surrendered.

  Part III TextB


  Comprehension Check 1. d 3. b

  2. d 4.


  (#JE Appendix III) Language Practice 1. boast

  3. was concerned 5. paid off

  7. are contesting 9. holdout

  11. responsible for 13. favorable 15. on the eve of 17. complications 19. withstand

  2. obstacles 4. call …off 6. was pinned 8. down prior to 10. objective 12. in case 14. due to 16. cancel 18. stiff 20. absent


  Part IV Theme-Related Language Learning Tasks

  Writing Strategy

  Tick which of the following is more convincing: ____________ It was reported that General Eisenhower, though indecisive sometimes, had no

  hesitation in ordering the assault on Normandy.

  _____ √ ____ Eisenhower’s chief of staff, Brigadier General Water Bedell Smith, later wrote:

  ”… He sat there … tense, weighing every consideration. Finally he looked up, and the tension was gone from his face. He said briskly, ‘well, we’ll go.” P28 Model Paper

  Can Man Triumph over Nature?

  When people talk of man triumphing over nature, many things come to mind. One thinks of successes in medicine in the fight against disease, such as the invention of antibiotics and the promise held out by advances in biogenetic engineering. On a broader scale, one thinks of man’s success in harnessing new forms of energy from steam power through oil to nuclear power.

  Yet, nature has often hit back in unexpected ways to these attempts to tame it. New forms of

  Text org. Ex. 2 On P38

  1. Smart cars can see, hear, feel, smell, talk, and act;

  2. They can eliminate most of car accidents

  3. They can alert the police and provide precise location of your car if stolen

  4. They can monitor one’s driving and the driving conditions nearby;

  5. They can alert the driver who feels drowsy;



  6. They can locate your car precisely and warn of traffic jams. Language Sense Enhancement on P 38-39

  1) cure 2) impact 3) orbiting

  5) location 6) At any given time 4) warn of

  7)vibrate 8) detected 9) calculate 10) converted

  I. Vocabulary: Ex.1 on P41-42

  1.expansion 2. automated 3. vapor 4. take control of

  5. hazards 6. satellite 7.vibrated 8.magnetic

  9. bunched 10. in the air 11. got/was stuck in 12.approximately Vocabulary: Ex.2 on P42

  1. send out 2. stand up for 3. pass for

  5. starting up

  8. fall into 4. were closing in on 6. went through 7. fill out

  Vocabulary: Ex.3 on P43

  1) incorporates all the latest safety features.

  2) two trees ten feet apart.

  3) awarding lucrative contracts to his construction firm.

  4) the prototype of a new model before they set up a factory to make the


  5) are correlated in all racial groups.

  Vocabulary: Ex.4 on P43

  1) the application, remote, has turned into a reality, are poised to

  2) that vibrate, can detect, frequency

  3) lanes, are mounted in, alert a, hazard

  II. Word Formation on P45





  Doctor Medical care Electronic mail Communications satellite News broadcast Sky hijack

  European dollar

  Breakfast and lunch Veterinarian Preparatory


  influenza Television broadcast Oxford and Cambridge


  III. Usage on P45-46

  1) swimming pool

  2 ) drawing board

  3 ) enriched Middle English

  4 ) disturbing change

  5 ) fully developed prototype

  6 ) Canned foods

  7 ) working population

  8 ) puzzling differences

  Comprehensive Exs.: I. cloze

  1. Text-related on P46

  1) computerized 2) start up 3) be poised to 4) alert

  5) hazards 6) monotonous 7) take control of

  8) steer 9) lane 10) decrease 11) calculate 12) eliminate

  13) getting stuck in 14) mounted 15) detect 16) vapor

  2. Theme-related on P47

  1) generates 2) related 3) revolutionized 4) enabled

  5) opportunities 6) overall 7)manufacturing

  8) dependent 9) interact 10) fatalities

  II. Translation

  Ex. 1 on P47-48

  1) There was an unusual quietness in the air, except for the sound of artillery in the distance.

  2) The expansion of urban areas in some African countries has been causing a significant fall in living standards and an increase in social problems.

  3) The research shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are closely correlated with global temperatures.

  4) The frequency of the bus service has been improved from 15 to 12 minute


  5) The diver stood on the edge of the diving board, poised to jump at the signal from the coach.

  Translation : Ex. 2 on P48